NES / FamicomNintendo Entertainment System / Family Computer
About the NES / Famicom
The Nintendo Entertainment System (often abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit video game console that was designed, developed and manufactured by Japanese company, Nintendo. The NES is strongly associated with the revitalization of the US video game industry after the crash of the industry in 1983.
Nintendo used the NES to bring to life some of what are they most popular game series to date, these being Super Mario Bros, The Legend of Zelda and Metroid. It also so the birth of Capcom’s Mega Man franchise, Konami’s Castlevania franchise, Square’s(Now Square Enix) Final Fantasy franchise and Enix’s(Now Square Enix) Dragon Quest franchise. All of these franchises are still highly popular and still exist today.
While Nintendo’s NES brought to life some of the greatest game franchises it also gave console manufactures a new outlook in their relationship with third-party software developers by restricting developers from publishing software without licensed approval from the manufacturer. This led to the consoles having much more high quality software titles, and in turn better public outlook on the console.
While the console is no longer being manufactured, the console has been emulated to the point where almost all hardware functionality has been replicated on the computer, with some emulators such as Nestopia providing cycle accurate emulation of the original hardware, meaning what is shown on screen should be exactly what the original console would of produced.
NES / Famicom Emulators
Nestopia is a highly optemized, cycle accurate emulator for the NES. Thanks to Nestopia’s cycle based emulation it offers near 100% compatiblity with every NES game.
FCEUX aims to be a bit of a jack of all trades. Offering accurate emulation alongside a set of useful debugging, rom-hacking tools and more .
NES / Famicom Specifications
- Processor: Ricoh 2A03 (NTSC, 8-bit Core) / Ricoh 2A07 (PAL, 8-bit Core)
- Picture Processing Unit: RP2C02(NTSC)/RP2C02(PAL)
- Picture Processing Unit Speed: 5.37MHz / 5.32MHz
- RAM: 16Kbit (2 KiB)
- Video RAM(VRAM) : 16Kbit (2 KiB)
- Video/Audio Outputs: RCA Cable, RF Modulator Plug, SCART Plug(French NES only)
- Colors Available: 54
- Max colors on screen: 25
- Max Sprites: 64
- Max Sprites per scan line: 8
- Sprite Size: 8x8 or 8x16
- Min/Max cart size: 192 Kbit – 4 Mbit
- Sound: PSG Sound, 5 Channels